Ancient Greece Review

Greece is made up of islands, mountains, and peninsulas. What are two ways this influenced the communities of Ancient Greece?
1) The people were isolated and formed into independent city-states
2) Many Greeks became traders and sailors
Although the Greek city-states were not united as one nation, how were they alike?
They shared a common language, culture and religion
polytheistic
worshipping many gods (also called deities)
Zeus
Greek King of the Gods and Lord of the Skies
Athena
The Greek Goddess of War
Poseidon
The Greek God of the Waters/Sea
Hades
The Greek God of the Underworld
Aphrodite
The Greek Goddess of Love, Beauty and all things romantic
Things Greek people did to please their Gods
gave offerings, held ceremonies, built temples, held festivals like the Olympics
Famous festival held in honor of Zeus, held every four years. First recorded festival was in 776 B.C.
The Olympics
The Modern Olympic games began in this year, when they were held in Athens, Greece
1896 A.D.
Greek city-state that was known for their art, architecture, and literature, and had a democratic government, but also had slaves
Athens
Greek city-state that was located on the Peloponnesian Peninsula, was known for the bravery and skill of their warriors, allowed their women ALMOST the same rights as their men, but had slaves
Sparta
Rights that Sparta, the Greek city-state, granted women
education
physical training
ownership of land and businesses
What were these Greeks famous for? Aesop, Homer, Aristophanes
Literature
What were these Greeks famous for? Aristarchus, Eratosthenes
Astronomy
What were these Greeks famous for? Hippocrates, Euclid, Archimedes, Democritus
Science/Math/Medicine
What were these Greeks famous for? Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, Thales
Philosophy
What were these Greeks famous for? Alexander the Great
Military/Government
The Greek city-states joined together to fight a common enemy in what wars?
The Persian Wars
After the Persian Wars, the Greek city-states fought each other. What were these wars called?
The Peloponnesian Wars
Who won the Peloponnesian Wars?
Sparta won the Peloponnesian Wars
The Peloponnesian Wars led to the fall of Greece. The Greek city-states were conquered and united by who, in 338 B.C.?
Philip of Macedonia
What were the boundaries of Alexander’s empire?
Macedonia and Greece in Europe, Egypt in Africa, and the Indus River/India in Asia
177 years after Alexander died, Greece was conquered by whom?
The Romans
Where did Alexander die in 323 B.C.?
Babylon
Aesop
Storyteller whose fables are still used to teach children moral lessons
Alexander the Great
Macedonian General and King who spread Greek culture throughout Greece, Asia, and Northern Africa
Archimedes
Greek Physicist and Engineer whose inventions made him one of the leading scientists of the Ancient World
Aristarchus
Was the first to propose that the sun was the center of the universe, although it was not accepted until over 1500 years later
Aristophanes
Famous Ancient Greek playwright
Aristotle
Student of Plato, and tutor to Alexander the Great
Eratosthenes
Astronomer who calculated the distance around the Earth within 300 miles of the actual distance
Euclid
Father of Geometry
Hippocrates
Father of Medicine; developed the Hippocratic Oath
Homer
Epic poet known for writing The Iliad and The Odyssey
Plato
Philosopher who founded The Academy; a student of Socrates
Socrates
One of the founders of Western philosophy and Plato’s teacher
What were the sports athletes competed in the ancient Olympic games?
foot races,
wrestling
pentathlon
boxing
horse and chariot racing
pankration (fighting)
Why were sports and athleticism so important to the Ancient Greeks?
Because all young men were required to be physically fit, and ready for military service
What was the only way a woman could participate in the ancient Olympic games?
If she owned a horse and chariot that was involved in the chariot races. Even then, women were not allowed to drive the chariots or participate or watch any other Olympic sporting events.
Hera
Greek Goddess of Marriage and Childbirth
Ares
Greek God of War
Artemis
Greek Goddess of Wild Animals, Nature, and Hunting
Hermes
Greek Messenger of the Gods
Apollo
Greek God of Oracles
Dionysus
Greek God of Wine
Demeter
Greek Goddess of Agriculture
Hephaestus
Greek God of fire and protector of blacksmiths
What is the term for the 177 years between the death of Alexander the Great and the conquering of Greece by the Romans?
The Hellenistic Age

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